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India missed the most important target
According to UNICEF’s State of the World’s Children Report 2016, around 1.2 million children could have been saved in 2015 if basic minimum sanitation and health care facilities were provided to them.
Around 1.2 million children could have been saved in the year 2015, only if proper health care facilities and proper sanitization was provided to them, according to UNICEF’s State of the World’s Children Report 2016. A better economy does not ensure a better condition for children, Nigeria and India are the two countries where child mortality rates is very high. Over 59 lakh children have died last year in India, Pakistan, Ethophia and Nigeria before they could attain the age of five years.
Children could have been saved
Around 39% of babies died due to complications during birth. But unfortunately many died because of lack of proper sanitation and access to healthcare in turn leading them to suffer from diseases like malaria and diarrhea. Child marriages and early pregnancies are some key reasons for death of newborns believes UNICEF.The problem of child mortality can be solved if even low-cost interventions can be made upon sanitation, holistic nutrition and women’s reproductive health management.
Some of the statistics include:
- India has the highest number of child deaths in the world, with an estimated 12 lakh deaths in 2015 — 20 per cent of the 59 lakh global deaths.
- India fell short of the under-five child mortality rate target of 42 per 1,000 live births by 2015
- India does not figure in the list of 62 countries — which includes Bangladesh and Nepal — that have achieved the Millennium Development Goal to reduce the under-five mortality by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015 (25 years)
- In 2008, 5.3 lakh children under five died in the lowest income quintile in comparison to 1.78 lakh among the highest wealth quintile. (savethechildren)
- The rate of decline between 2005-06 and 1997-98 among the lowest income quintile is 22.69 per cent compared to 34.37 per cent among the high-income quintile for the same period. (savethechildren)
- Of the 2.6 crore children born in India every year, approximately 18.3 lakh children die before their fifth birthday in India.
- The under-five mortality rate in Kerala is 14 deaths per 1,000 live births. This stands in a sharp contrast to Madhya Pradesh at 92 per 1,000 or 91 per 1,000 for Uttar Pradesh.
If all countries don’t accelerate action to improve health and education for the most disadvantaged. 69 million children under the age of five will die from preventable causes between now and 2030. UNICEF has strictly warned.