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India is the world’s third largest carbon emitter after China and US. While China’s decarbonisation rate now stands at 6 percent, PwC report titled ‘ Low Carbon Economy Index 2015’ indicated that India’s carbon emissions due to electricity generation rose to 8.2 per cent in 2014. India has to take radical steps to curb global warming.
Last year, at the Paris Climate Conference, India filed its climate action plan wherein it focused on reducing its carbon emissions by 33 to 35 per cent from 2005 levels as well as have mechanisms in place, which will ensure that 40 per cent of the India’s electricity will come from only renewable resources like wind and sun by 2030.
Vivek Gilani, founder of no2co2 states that citizens and the government both are equally responsible for global warming reduction.
He also mentioned that the issue needs to be holistically addressed by keeping in mind the root cause- the individual level of consumption and also pointed out about the corporate consumer culture which is contributing to excessive individual carbon footprint, which is not unethical but it is a concept of mere overconsumption which can be changed.
We can follow eight simple steps to conserve energy and reduce our carbon footprints. We can switch to having a bucket bath.
By eliminating use of showers and switch to use bucket for bathing then we can save 30 litres of water and if we calculate that for a building of 30 flats , 13 lakh litres of water on an annual basis will be saved which is equivalent to planting 10 trees.
Set AC from 24-26 degree celsius with a fan. This will help in saving 12% on AC power and approximately Rs.2500 for an AC that has been used for eight hours/day for six months.If followed by 30 houses then this will be equivalent to planting 45 trees.
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Setting geyser thermostat to 500C. By doing this, 29 per cent of geyser’s power is saved, which is equivalent to savings worth Rs. 183000 per year for a building of 30 flats which accounts for planting 102 trees.
Installing motion sensors for staircase lights. Installing just 20 tubelights with this facility will save around Rs. 21000 each year which is equivalent to planting 12 trees per year per building.
Composting can avoid a building’s meaningless contribution of 22 tonnes of waste, which will end up in landfills and this is equivalent to planting 29 trees per building each year.
Reducing meat intake in a week, an individual helps in reducing the carbon footprints which is equivalent to planting one tree per year.
Avoiding four domestic flights and instead taking an AC train for travelling to shorter distances is equivalent to planting two trees per person per year.
If we walk 1.5 trips, twice a week then it is equal to planting four trees per year. So by following these simple steps individually we can improve the condition of our environment and fight global warming.