United Nations defines Gender Based Violence (GBV) as “violence that is directed against a person on the basis of gender”, which mean breaching the fundamental freedom of life, liberty, security, dignity, equality between women and men, and most importantly integrity of both men and women. Gender Based violence (GBV) is a violence that is directed towards a specific gender. Although, on most of the occasions, the term “gender based violence is being used in the cases of “violence against women” because of the basic understanding of the fact that most of the gender based violence are directed towards women and girls by men. The most important fact that our community failed to understand is that “gender inequality also effects men, transgender people, and gender non-conforming”. The point of focus here is the “gender relations” which is usually the instigator (normally seen in most of the cases) of gender violence. Thus, to address this issue, we have to address the issues which strives today in the name of culture and rituals. These in the name of “cultural norm” encourages gender violence.
Gender Based Violence is an international issue which has effected women and children in nation in the world. UN Women estimates that “One out of five women worldwide will become a victim of rape or attempted rape in her lifetime”. The most important issue here is, the majority of the children abused are girls. In many nations, house hold labour is not covered in state laws and hence children are easily exploited in the name of house hold workers. There are different types of Gender Based Violence and most of them are “violent” in nature. Most of the times, women and girls become victims of more than one type of violence. Women and girls are forced to marry at the point of rape and sexual violence. Violence especially in conflict zones leads to rape, and sexual slavery, which further leads to trafficking and prostitution.
Gender bias in Education – The issue of gender bias in education is surrounded by many problems within our education system, especially in the developing nations, and in areas with cultural patriarchy. Some gender bias in education occurs due to early marriage, motherhood, and female teacher shortages. One such example is of Yemen. Gender Bias has been reportedly been the highest in the schools in Yemen. This is because girls are married as soon as they reach the elementary schools, and usually have children later. Moreover, Yemeni males, especially in the rural regions, object to women being taught by men.